From Goliath to Paedophryne: Unraveling the Diverse and Fascinating World of Frogs.

Sci-Five | The Hindu Science Quiz: All About Frogs

Frogs are a diverse and fascinating group of amphibians, with many unique characteristics and adaptations that set them apart from other creatures in the animal kingdom. On one end of the size spectrum, the goliath frog of West Africa holds the title for being the largest frog, growing up to 15 inches in length and weighing up to 7 pounds. This impressive amphibian dominates the frog world with its size and weight.

On the opposite end, Paedophryne amauensis from eastern Papua New Guinea is considered the smallest frog in the world, measuring a mere 7mm (0.27 inches) in length. This tiny frog is not only small but also potentially the smallest vertebrate in the world.

Many poisonous frogs, such as the golden poison frog and dyeing poison frog, sport bold and bright colors as a warning to predators of their toxic skins. These vibrantly colored frogs stand out in their environments, signaling danger to any predators that may consider them as prey.

The wood frog has a remarkable adaptation that allows it to survive in the extremely cold environment of the Arctic circle. By producing glucose antifreeze in its blood, the wood frog can endure freezing temperatures for weeks with 65% of its body frozen solid. This unique adaptation protects the frog’s vital organs from damage while the rest of its body remains frozen.

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