Groundbreaking Discovery: The Magnetic Fields Around the Supermassive Black Hole Sgr A* Reveal New Insights into Black Holes’ Structure and Mechanisms

New view of the magnetic fields surrounding the black hole in the Milky Way

Scientists have made a groundbreaking discovery about the magnetic fields around the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*) at the center of our Milky Way galaxy. Researchers from various continents, totaling over 300, conducted the study using data collected by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). The research was published in two articles in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

The discovery involved observing Sgr A* in polarized light for the first time, which revealed organized spirals of magnetic fields emanating from the black hole. These magnetic fields bear a striking resemblance to those observed around a similar black hole in M87, suggesting that strong magnetic fields may be a common characteristic of all black holes.

Further analysis showed that these magnetic fields may be enabling Sgr A* to launch powerful jets of material similar to what was observed in M87. This discovery provides valuable insights into the structure and strength of magnetic fields near black holes, shedding light on their feeding and expulsion mechanisms.

Despite challenges associated with imaging black holes with polarized light, the data indicates that strong magnetic fields may be a universal characteristic of black holes. While it remains uncertain whether Sgr A* has a jet like M87’s, this new research raises intriguing possibilities for further investigation and understanding of these cosmic phenomena. The collaboration of telescopes worldwide, forming EHT, played a pivotal role in these groundbreaking observations highlighting the importance of international cooperation in advancing our knowledge of the universe.

In conclusion, this discovery marks an important step forward in understanding how supermassive black holes interact with their surroundings and how they affect their environment. Further studies will undoubtedly lead to even more exciting discoveries about these mysterious objects at the center of galaxies like ours.

Leave a Reply