The 2019 European Elections: A Turning Point in German Politics

CDU/CSU coalition triumphs as far-right AfD gains momentum

Germany’s European elections saw the centre-right CDU/CSU alliance emerge victorious, with the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) coming in second. Official results were confirmed by the national electoral authority after all votes were tallied. However, Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s coalition, particularly his Social Democrats (SPD) and Greens, suffered significant losses. The SPD secured 13.9% of votes (14 seats), while the Greens dropped to 11.9% (12 seats), compared to their 2019 performance of 20.5%. Meanwhile, the pro-business FDP won 5.2% of the vote and five seats.

The Christian Democrats (CDU) and their Bavarian ally, the Christian Social Union (CSU), both in opposition at the national level, collectively won 30% of the vote and 29 seats, which was the same number as the outgoing European Parliament. The Eurosceptic AfD made gains by receiving 15.9% of the vote and adding 15 seats compared to the previous elections. The newly formed populist party Sahra Wagenknecht Alliance (BSW) secured 6.2% of the vote and six seats, while The Left plummeted to just 2.7% and three seats.

Voter turnout in Germany hit a record high since reunification, with an impressive 64.8% of eligible voters participating in these elections. This was up from a turnout of just over 60% in previous elections held prior to reunification and increased by around three percentage points from previous years post-reunification when voter turnout averaged between approximately forty percent and fifty percent.

Germany is one of Europe’s largest countries with around sixty million eligible voters making it a crucial player in European politics. As such, these election results will have significant implications for Germany’s role within the EU moving forward.

In conclusion, it is evident that this year’s European elections have brought about significant changes for political parties across Europe including those in Germany

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